Hammer toe syndrome can be caused by various factors. The deformity could develop from hereditary factors or as a part of a medical condition such as arthritis. Hammertoes usually occur due to a breakdown or failure in the normal function of the foot. Flat feet, high arch feet, lack of flexibility (especially in the calf), and weakened muscles of the leg and foot can all lead to deformities of the toes. To properly evaluate this condition, it is important to seek a foot and ankle specialist when considering treatment. Splinting/strapping. Splints or small straps may be applied by the podiatric surgeon to realign the bent toe. When Is Surgery Needed? In the details that follow, I discuss additional causes of hammertoe as well as people who are more prone to get a hammertoe. If your hammertoe is just starting to develop, you may be able to correct the problem yourself. If you have arthritis, this can cause hammertoe and could be the cause of pain in your toes when walking or doing any activity. However, wearing shoes that are to small is the leading cause of the hammertoe condition. If you have a second toe that is longer than the other toes, you should be sizing your shoes according to the length of the second toe, not the big toe. The most common side effects that may show up post a hammertoe surgery include pain and swelling of the operated site. Another complication may be the regrowth of a bone spur, if this is the reason for the hammertoe. Then comes a complication that may keep the toe from sitting completely on the ground. Also, if the pain radiates to or is felt in other areas of the foot including that of the operated site, then it might be possible that the surgery has caused a nerve damage in the foot. Other complications may be numbness, reduced range of motion, infection, and a long-lasting pain. My first surgery was on my left foot, on the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th toes. I was knocked out for most of the surgery. I remember hearing the doctors' conversation about what is good and what is evil. It was actually a very interesting topic, I wish I could have participated but I was too drugged up lol. The muscles related to the kidney meridian are the psoas; this flexes and rotates the thigh laterally and flexes the vertebral column(the topmost part of the trapezius that controls the shoulder movements and movements of the head); the iliacus that flexes and rotates the thigh laterally. A constantly bent toe changes the way your feet perform. Not only may the hammertoe itself be painful, but the change in performance can cause pain in other parts of your foot, such as your remaining toes or the ball of your foot. Another big problem caused by hammertoe is additional friction between your shoe and the hammertoe, which could irritate your skin and cause corns to develop on the top of the toe. How to Prevent Hammertoe Yellow nails are discussed in this article. This includes Common symptoms, diagnoses, and treatments associated with them. In classic style Dr. Marble wittingly describes a common dermatological condition. read more Yet another technique one can employ to keep hammertoes from hurting is to use medical or athletic tape to hold the toe down in a straightened position. This technique involves using a quarter inch wide strip of tape (the tape needs to be cut to this width as the smallest size sold is usually a half inch wide). The tape is cut about four to six inches long, depending on the size of the foot. This taping technique will keep the toe held down, decreasing the pressure against the shoe. Those with adhesive allergies or sensitive skin should avoid this technique. The feet also need to be worked out. To avoid it from getting too strained, you should at least stretch out your feet and toes every morning when you wake up. This will help warm the feet up so they can be more tolerant to the pressure that the feet will receive the whole day. Serious hammer toe problems may require surgery. If you have enough money for surgery, then you can opt to undergo some surgical procedures to have your hammer toe corrected. You can just contact your doctor and set up an appointment with him to discuss about your foot problem. A few Germans jumped out of the tanks and started to flee. Machine gunners and riflemen in the outposts cut loose on them. But they could not be sure whether their fire found the targets because the fog swallowed the running men within 30 or 40 yards. Some German infantry had come along behind the tanks and Desobry's men had caught only a glimpse of their figures. But they turned back the moment the skirmish opened. The clinical information represents the expertise and practical knowledge of top physicians and pharmacists from leading academic medical centers in the United States and worldwide. Access health plan drug formulary information when looking up a particular drug, and save time and effort for you and your patient. Choose from our complete list of over 1800 insurance plans across all 50 US states. Customize your Medscape account with the health plans you accept, so that the information you need is saved and ready every time you look up a drug on our site or in the Medscape app. Easily compare tier status for drugs in the same class when considering an alternative drug for your patient. Medical Calculators When you think about injuries to the sesamoid bones, which hurt when pressure is applied, many would think that the best way to cushion and ease the pain is to treat sesamoiditis is to use cushioning directly under the bones themselves. However the support devices best suited to easing the pressure and pain, actually sit under the lesser toes, and not the sesamoid bones, which are left unsupported. Metatarsal pads and metatarsal bars can be inserted into most shoes, and feature an adhesive backing to hold them in place, and are frequently prescribed by doctors and podiatrists to ease the pain from sesamoiditis.