You should drink about ten eight ounce glasses, or eighty ounces, of water every single day. You may even need to drink more water than that if you are exercising as well because it helps your body to wash all of the bad toxins out of your body. Good conventional wound care, consisting of infection control, cleaning, and keeping pressure off the wound and other such basic approaches, can often close these wounds. However, approximately one third of these chronic wounds fail to heal, and a more active approach is needed. It is well known that smoking is a risk factor for heart disease. So is diabetes. But when you smoke, your blood pressure and heart rate both increase. This forces the heart to work much harder. Many of the chemicals contained within cigarette smoke, temporarily shrink the size of the blood vessels in the heart itself. This places you at increased risk of a heart attack. When you begin, you will want to gradually ease into doing it. Only spend about 10% of your walk, Zig Zag Walkingtm. As your body gets used to doing it, you can continually increase your Zig Zag Walkingtm to about 75% of your walk. In the winter, wear wool socks and protective footwear. Avoid getting your feet wet in the snow and rain and avoid letting toes get cold. If the circulation in your feet is impaired, tell your medical doctor so he or she can take it into account when prescribing medication for high blood pressure or heart disease. On account of the environmental pollution, unhygienic foods, alcohol consumption and drug addiction, some poisonous substances can be produced in the inner side of our body. These poisonous substances are named as Toxins. They are produced as a result of the indigestion caused during the day to day digestion process. read more It's common with fungus that has invaded the toenails to spread to the skin, or for it to spread in the other direction - from the skin to the nails. Odds are, if you have athletes foot fungus and fungal toenails, the same fungus is causing the problem in both places. And since it is affecting the skin, it is almost certainly one of the common types of foot fungus - the dermatophytes. There are some other environmental fungi that occasionally infect the nails, but they do not invade the skin. Here is a picture of toenail fungus. A good foot care routine should be followed by everyone but for the diabetic it is essential. How to take of your feet should be taught as early and thoroughly as brushing your teeth or watching your hands, but for some reason very few adults are knowledgeable about what good foot care actually entails. When you were first diagnosed with diabetes While sitting, resting, sleeping, or reclining, raising your feet on a pillow or footstool will help increase the blood flow to your feet and decrease swelling. Never walk barefoot. Not even at home! Always wear shoes or slippers. You could step on something and get a scratch or cut. Poor circulation and lack of sensation represent a biological conspiracy - a medical double whammy - making foot problems one of the most serious diabetes complications and most expensive to treat. When a person cannot feel his or her feet , wounds and ulcers can worsen without the person's knowledge and advance to grotesque levels, which are difficult to treat due to lack of blood circulation. About 100,000 diabetes -related amputations occur in the United States each year. Fifty percent of patients have a second amputation within three years of the first amputation, and within five years following the first amputation, 50 percent are dead for whatever reason," he said.